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James Joyce's Dubliners: An Introduction by Wallace Gray


1. Letters to Grant Richards. May 5, 1906 and Oct. 15, 1905. Joyce [1966], vol. II, p. 122.

2. Letter to Curran, July, 1904. Joyce [1966] vol.I, p. 55).

3. As are all students of Joyce, I am indebted to Richard Ellmann's great biography, James Joyce. His detailed factual material is formidable and impressive, especially as the end result reads like a novel instead of a work of non-fiction.

4. See Critical Writings (Joyce [1959]) for the complete essay, which appeared in The Fortnightly Review on April 1, 1900.

5. See Stephen Hero, pp. 211-13.

6. For the complete essay, see Critical Writings (Joyce [1959]), pp. 68-72.

7. Letter to Curran, July, 1904. Joyce [1966] vol.I, p. 55. The word "epicleti" comes from Greek and Latin and refers to the sacred moment in the mass when the host is changed, through the efficacy of the Holy Spirit, into the body and blood of Christ.

8. From Stanislaus Joyce, My Brother's Keeper (Joyce [1958]), pp. 103-4.

9. From Richard Ellmann's notes of his conversations with Stanislaus Joyce, in 1953 and 1954. Quoted in Ellmann [1982], p. 163.

10. Letter to Stanislaus Joyce, c. Sept 24, 1905 (Joyce [1966], vol. II, pp. 109-112)

11. Letter to Stanislaus Joyce. October 18, 1906. Letters (Joyce [1966]), vol. II, pp.180-184)

12. Letter to Stanislaus Joyce. September 25, 1906. Letters (Joyce [1966]), vol. II, pp.164-168.

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